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Hyponatremia Definition, Symptoms, Causes Treatments.
What is hyponatremia low blood sodium? What are the symptoms of hyponatremia low blood sodium? What causes hyponatremia low blood sodium? What tests diagnose hyponatremia low blood sodium? What diets and treatment guidelines are used for hyponatremia low blood sodium?
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Low Blood Sodium Hyponatremia.
Normally, your sodium level should be between 135 and 145 milliequivalents per liter. Hyponatremia occurs when your sodium level goes below 135 mEq/L. Symptoms of low sodium in blood. Symptoms of low blood sodium can vary from person to person.
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How Should Hyponatremia Be Evaluated and Managed? The Hospitalist.
The majority of patients with hyponatremia have hypoosmolar hyponatremia and therefore have a low pOSM; however, patients may have normal or high osmolarity. Hyponatremia with normal osmolarity can be caused by pseudohyponatremia i.e, hyperglycemia, paraproteinemia, hyperlipidemia, severe renal failure, ingestion of excess alcohol, or post-transurethral resection of prostate or bladder.
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Hyponatremia: Symptoms, Causes, Treatments.
Hyponatremia is very common. Hyponatremia is the most common chemical abnormality seen among patients in the hospital. Rates of hyponatremia are higher among people admitted to inpatient hospital care units or with the medical conditions mentioned above. What causes hyponatremia?
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Full article: HIV/AIDS-related hyponatremia: an old but still serious problem.
This review focuses on the clinical and pathophysiological aspects of hyponatremia and highlights the causes, presentation and treatment of hyponatremia in HIV/AIDS patients. There are several conditions in patients with HIV/AIDS that may predispose them to the development of hyponatremia: opportunistic infections, adrenal insufficiency and hypopituitarism, thyroid insufficiency, diarrhea and vomiting, etc.
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Hyponatremia corrected too quickly and dangerously in many patients PulmCCM.
Few patients who are admitted with hyponatremia present this way, or require such dramatic and potentially dangerous interventions. Rather, the large majority who have subacute or chronic hyponatremia may be as much at risk from overly rapid correction of their sodium levels as they are for serious neurologic sequelae from the hyponatremia itself.
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Who Is Affected by Hyponatremia? Food Nutrition Magazine.
Defined as a blood sodium level below 135 mmol/L, hyponatremia can occur when excessive amounts of sodium are lost through urination, perspiration, vomiting or diarrhea. Health conditions or medications that cause fluid retention can cause dilutional hyponatremia, as can overhydration.
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Hyponatremia the effects of over-hydration. REAL First Aid.
Exercise Associated Hyponatremia EAH is a decrease in sodium levels caused by over-hydrating; this typically means consuming more fluid than the kidneys can excrete, typically during or up to 24 hours after prolonged physical activity.1 The outcome can be as serious as dehydration, the problem is that the signs and symptoms of both are very similar which means correct diagnosis and treatment for the condition is essential.
Hyponatremia Registry for Patients With Euvolemic and Hypervolemic Hyponatremia Full Text View ClinicalTrials.gov.
The registry is a multi-center, prospective, observational study designed to collect data in patients with euvolemic and hypervolemic hyponatremia in the hospital setting in the USA and hyponatremia secondary to syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion SIADH in Europe; patients with hypovolemic hyponatremia will be excluded from the registry.
Sodium disorders Knowledge for medical students and physicians.
Hypotonic hyponatremia most common: serum osmolality 280 mOsmol/kg. Hypertonic hyponatremia: serum osmolality 295 mOsmol/kg. Isotonic hyponatremia: serum osmolality 280295 mOsmol/kg. Hypernatremia: serum osmolality. Hematocrit: possibly fluid overload. Hematocrit: hypovolemia, dehydration. Hyponatremia: urine sodium concentration. 20 mEq/L implies renal sodium loss.

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